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10.10.2013 15:13 - ЦИТИРАНЕ *Правила на университета Ръскин * англ. ез- 4 от 4
Автор: ulian Категория: Други   
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Правила за цитирането - 4ти откъс (4 от 4 - край)
Example 1
National Electronic Library for Health, 2003. Can walking make you
slimmer and healthier? (Hitting the headlines article) [online] (Updated 16
Jan 2005) Available at:
[Accessed
10 April 2005].
Example 2
National Electronic Library for Health, 2003. Can walking make you
slimmer and healthier? (Hitting the headlines article) [online] (Updated 16
Jan 2005) Available at: [Accessed 10 April
2005].
Anglia Ruskin University
http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm 33
The title of a web page is normally the main heading on the page, or the title
displayed on the top of the web browser.
An intext reference for the above examples would read:
(National Electronic Library for Health, 2003)
It is good practice to keep a copy of the front page of any website you use
5.2 Publications available from websites
For publications found on the internet the required elements for a reference are:
Author or corporate author, Year. Title of document. [type of medium] Place:
Producer/Publisher. Available at: include web site address/URL(Uniform
Resource Locator).[Accessed date].
Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines, 2001. Hypertension in the elderly.
(SIGN publication 20) [online] Edinburgh : SIGN (Published 2001)
Available at:
[Accessed 17 March 2005].
Boots Group Plc., 2003. Corporate social responsibility. [online] Boots
Group Plc. Available at:
[Accessed 23 July 2005].
Defoe, D., 1999. The fortunes and the misfortunes of the famous Moll
Flanders. [online] Champaign, Illinois: Project Gutenberg. Available at:
[Accessed 18 November 2005].
Independent Inquiry into Access to Healthcare for People with Learning
Disabilities. n.d. Healthcare for all. [online] Available at:
[Accessed 10 April
2009]
It is good practice to keep a copy of the front page of any website you use
5.3 Electronic images
For images found on the internet the required elements for a reference are:
Author, Year (image created). Title of work. [type of medium] Available at: include
web site address/URL (Uniform Resource Locator) [Accessed date].
Anglia Ruskin University
http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm 34
Where the author is not known, begin the reference with the title of the work.
Where none of the usual details are known, (such as author, date, or image title)
try to find the filename of the image (for example by right clicking and looking at
the properties of the file). If none of the above is available begin the reference
with the subject and title of the work.
Van Vechten, C. 1934. Man Ray. [photograph] Available at:
[Accessed 04
October 2009].
Pepsi, 2009. Pepsi can designs. [image online] Available at:
[Accessed 19 June 2009].
[Nimbus 1 returned sharp cloud cover photos, plus night time infra red
pictures] n.d. [image online] Available at:

[Accessed 13 November 2008].
[Child placing gauze over knee wound] n.d. [image online] Available at: br /> http://www.dadpal.com/2009/12/wounds-care-help-and-wound-vactherapy.
html> [Accessed 01 June 2010].
An in text reference for the above examples would read:
(Van Vechten, 1934)
(Pepsi, 2009)
(Nimbus 1, n.d.)
(Child placing gauze, n.d.)
5.4 Email correspondence/discussion lists
Particular care needs to be taken if you are quoting from these as they may
include personal email addresses and be from a restricted source.
Permission should be sought before these sources are quoted.
For email correspondence or discussion lists the suggested elements for a
reference are:
Name of sender and email address, Year. Message or subject title from posting
line. [type of medium] Recipient"s name and email address. Date sent: Including
time. Available at: URL (e.g. details of where message is archived).
[Accessed date].
Anglia Ruskin University
http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm 35
Jones, P., jones@jones.com, 2005. Mobile phone developments. [email]
Message to R G. Schmit (r.g.schmit@syy.ac.uk). Sent Monday 7 June
2005, 08:13. Available at:
[Accessed 7 July
2005].
Copies of such correspondence should be kept, as these may need to be
submitted as an appendix in an academic submission
5.5 Blogs
The required elements for a reference are:
Author, Year. Title of individual blog entry. Blog title, [medium] Blog posting date.
Available at: include web site address/URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
[Accessed date].
Whitton Felix, 2009. Conservationists are not making themselves heard.
Guardian.co.uk Science blog, [blog] 18 June, Available at:
[Accessed 23 June 2009].
Blog comments
The required elements for a reference are:
Comment Author, Year. Title of individual blog entry. Blog title, [medium]
Comment posting date. Available at: include web site address/URL (Uniform
Resource Locator) [Accessed date].
DGeezer, 2009. Conservationists are not making themselves heard.
Guardian.co.uk Science blog, [blog] 18 June, Available at:
[Accessed 23 June 2009].
An in text reference for the above examples would read:
(Whitton, 2009)
(Geezer, 2009)
Anglia Ruskin University
http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm 36
5.6 Mailing list
The required elements for a reference are:
Author, Initial., Year. Subject Line, Title of Mailing List. [online] date of message,
Available at: include web site address/URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
[Accessed date].
Murrey, T., 2009. ‘Sharing good practice’, Forum for International
Students. [online] 23 June 2009, Available at :
[Accessed 23 June 2009].
5.7 Podcast or archived tv programme
The required elements for a reference are:
Broadcaster/Author, Year. Programme title, Series Title. (if relevant) [type of
medium] date of transmission. Available at: include web site address/URL
(Uniform Resource Locator) [Accessed date].
National Gallery, 2008. Episode Seventeen (March 2008), The National
Gallery Monthly Podcast. [podcast] March 2008. Available at: br /> http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/podcasts> [Accessed 23 June 2009].
5.8 YouTube video
The required elements for a reference are:
Screen name of contributor,Year. Video Title, Series Title. (if relevant) [type of
medium] Available at: include web site address/URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
[Accessed date].
Mrgeorged, 2009. Top Gear The Stig revealed Full. [video online]
Available at:
[Accessed 23 June 2009].
Anglia Ruskin University
http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm 37
6. UNPUBLISHED WORKS
6.1 Unpublished works
You may occasionally have access to a document before it is published and may
therefore not be able to provide full details:
Bloggs, J., (in press) A new book that I have written. London: Vanity Press
Woolley, E. & Muncey, T., (in press) Demons or diamonds: a study to
ascertain the range of attitudes present in health professionals to children
with conduct disorder. Journal of Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing.
(Accepted for publication December 2002).
6.2 Informal or in-house publications
For informal publications, such as class handouts and leaflets, provide what
details you can:
Anglia Ruskin University, 2007. Using the Cochrane Library. [leaflet]
August 2007 ed. Cambridge: Anglia Ruskin University.
6.3 Personal communication
Where you refer to a more informal personal communication, e.g. letter, email,
phone call or conversation, provide as much detail as possible and note the
nature of the communication:
Permission should be sought before these sources are quoted, and a copy
retained for reference.
Hindle, E., 2000. Introducing Cow & Gate Omneo Comfort: an infant milk
for digestive comfort. [letter] (Personal communication, 2 June 2000).
O’Sullivan, S., 2003. Discussion on citation and referencing. [letter]
(Personal communication, 5 June 2003).
Anglia Ruskin University
http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm 38
7. REFERENCES WITH MISSING DETAILS
Where there is no obvious publication date, check the content and references to
work out the earliest likely date, for example:
1995? probable year
ca. 1995 approximately 1995
199- decade certain but not year
199? probable decade
Occasionally it may not be possible to identify an author, place or publisher. This
applies particularly to what is known as ‘grey literature’, such as some
government documents, leaflets and other less official material.
Anon author anonymous or not identifiable
s.l. no place of publication (Latin: sine loco)
s.n. no named publisher (Latin: sine nomine)
n.d. no date
Information such as place and publisher not found on the document, but traced
from other sources, should be placed in square brackets.
You should, however be very cautious about using as supporting evidence
material where you cannot identify the author, date or source
Anglia Ruskin University
http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm 39





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Автор: ulian
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